Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi has defended her country against allegations of genocide at the UN International Court of Justice (ICJ).
The Nobel Peace Prize laureate responded to widespread claims that Myanmar (formerly Burma) committed atrocities against Muslim Rohingya.
In her opening remarks, she called the case against Myanmar “incomplete and incorrect”.
She said troubles in Rakhine, where many Rohingya lived, go back centuries.
Thousands of Rohingya were killed and more than 700,000 fled to neighbouring Bangladesh during an army crackdown in Buddhist-majority Myanmar in 2017.
Myanmar has always insisted it was tackling an extremist threat in Rakhine state, and Ms Suu Kyi maintained that stance, describing the violence as an “internal armed conflict” triggered by Rohingya militant attacks on government security posts.
LIVE: Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi defends her country against genocide allegations at international court of justice (ICJ) in The Hague. https://t.co/3MATdH5uwN
— Al Jazeera News (@AJENews) December 11, 2019
Conceding that Myanmar’s military might have used disproportionate force at times, she said that if soldiers had committed war crimes “they will be prosecuted”.
Ms Suu Kyi – once celebrated internationally as a champion of democracy – has been de facto leader of Myanmar since April 2016, before the alleged genocide began. She does not have control over the army, but has been accused by the UN investigator of “complicity” in the military clearances.
Ms Suu Kyi has chosen to stand up for the same army that kept her under house arrest for years.
She told the court her country was committed to the safe repatriation of people displaced from Rakhine, and urged the court to avoid any action that could aggravate the conflict.
What was the reaction?
At the Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, refugees shouted “Liar, liar, shame!” as they watched Myanmar’s leader make her case live on TV.
“She is a liar. A great liar,” said Abdur Rahim, 52, at a community centre in the camp.
Outside the court in The Hague, a small group of pro-Rohingya demonstrators shouted: “Aung San Suu Kyi, shame on you!”.
But her supporters came too – about 250 pro-Myanmar protesters who held placards bearing her face and the words, “We stand with you.”
Pho phyu Thant – a Burmese national now living in Europe – was one of the organisers.
“The world needs to be more patient with Aung San Sui Kyi,” she told the BBC.
“We support her and still believe in her. She is the only person who can bring about peace and prosperity in our country and resolve this very complicated situation.”