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$3.09bn: FG drags Chinese oil firm, Addax Petroleum to court



Addax Petroleum has been deliberately reducing its calculations of royalty to Nigeria

Addax Petroleum has been deliberately reducing its calculations of royalty to Nigeria

The Nigerian government has commenced legal action against the Chinese-owned oil firm, Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria Limited, over the company’s alleged under-remittance of $3 billion in taxes and royalties.

Court papers shows that the funds, according to the Federal Government, are outstanding claims against the company under the Petroleum Profit Tax Act and Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Amendment Regulation 2003 over Oil Mining Leases (OMLs) 123, 124, 126, and 137.

Joined as co -respondents in the suit are Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria Limited, Addax Petroleum Exploration Nigeria Limited, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), the Ministry of Petroleum Resources/Department of Petroleum Resources, and the National Petroleum Investment & Management Services (NAPIMS).

According to Dada Awosika and partners the law firm that filed the suit on behalf Federal government of Nigeria, the $3 billion unremitting funds came as a result of the oil multinational’s illegal and irregular reliance on Side Letters dated 21st November 2001, 20th December 2001, and 24th August 2004 which were never gazetted.


The government move to recover the funds from Addax came three months after a report on how the Chinese firm allegedly paid millions of dollars in bribes to Nigerian officials to secure juicy contracts in the oil industry.

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In 1998, Addax Petroleum, a subsidiary of China’s Sinopec Group, one of the world’s largest oil and gas producers, entered into a Production Sharing Contract (PSC) with the NNPC (as concessionaire) in respect of OPL 98/118 and OPL 90/225.

Four years later, the company discovered oil in commercial quantities and the OPLs were converted into Oil Mining Leases (OMLs) 123/124 and 126/137.


The contract entered into by the two parties required Addax Petroleum to pay royalties on any oil produced from the relevant oil blocks at the rate of 20 per cent as stipulated by law.

It also provided that the Petroleum Profit Tax Act (PPTA) applicable to the contract areas shall be 65.75 per cent for the first five years, starting from the first day of the month of the first sale of the oil, and 85 per cent thereafter.

However according to the Statement of Claim filed by Barrister Dada Awosika the lawyer prosecuting the case on behalf of the Nigerian government, Addax Petroleum fraudulently obtained a Side Letter in 2001 and 2004 which were “never gazetted” and which they used in calculating their taxes and royalties.

The calculations in the side letters fixed the PPT payable by the company at 60 per cent and, rather than the 20 percent flat rate of royalty, provided for a graduated rate depending on the volume of oil produced from the oil blocks.


Former President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo signed the letter that Addax Petroleum used in calculating its royalties to Nigeria

The side letters were signed by Enginneer Funsho Kupolokun, then Special Assistant on Petroleum and Energy to former President Olusegun Obasanjo (in 2001) and Olabode Agusto, then Director General/Special Adviser on Budget to the President (in 2004).

“Several objections and protests were raised by FIRS (Federal Inland Revenue Service), NNPC, and Department of Petroleum Resources to the reliance on these side letters by the Defendants to bypass, supplant, and subvert the process,” the government’s lawyers stated in their claim.

“In 2003, in order to give effect to the graduated royalty regime stated in the side letters, the Minister of Petroleum Resources (Mr. Obasanjo) issued the Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Amendment Regulations which provided for graduated royalty rates for onshore and shallow offshore PSC which did not account for royalty by tranches.

“The Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Amendment Regulations 2003 when made was given retrospective effect from the first day of January, 2000, which was the same date of commencement of the graduated royalty rates contained in the side letters.”

Several meetings between Nigerian government officials – represented by the FIRS, DPR, and NNPC – and representatives of Addax Petroleum reassess and resolve the latter’s “colossal underpayment” to the government between 2007 and 2012 yielded no results.


In one of the meetings, which it was discovered that the company’s application of the graduated royalty rates as provided for in the Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Amendment Regulations 2003 as contained in the side letters was erroneous.

Rather than relying on the applicable royalty rates in calculating their daily production volume, Addax Petroleum allegedly developed a practice of slicing their volume rate of royalty to different tranches of production thereby significantly reducing their royalty obligations.

Government calculations of under-remittance showed that the company withheld $1.3 billion in royalties and $1.7 billion in PPT.

But Addax Petroleum maintained its right to the use of the side letters for computing the taxes on its operations and dragged the government over accusations of a breach of their 1998 PSC on the oil blocks.


In suit FHC/ABJ/CS/1099/2014 filed before former chief judge of Federal high court Ibrahim Auta, the company sought a judicial approval towards their continued use of the side letters to compute its financial obligations to the Nigerian government.

However, on 26th May, 2015, three days before the administration of then president, Goodluck Jonathan, handed over to his successor, Muhammadu Buhari; the government negotiated a controversial out of court settlement with Addax Petroleum, agreeing to pay the company $3.4 billion (about N1 trillion).

Court papers filed by the Nigerian government’s lawyers stated that Addax Petroleum “surreptitiously teamed up” with some officials of DPR, FIRS, and NNPC to execute certain terms of settlement which was eventually made the Consent Judgment of court notwithstanding the pendency of several applications yet to be heard by the same court.

“In executing the said terms of settlement, the authorities were not sought, no approval at Federal Executive Council level was given, the governing boards of the FIRS, NNPC and DPR did not authorize those officers that executed the bogus terms of settlement to so act,” the lawyers argued.


In 2015, an online media Premium times reported how then Attorney General of the Federation, Mohammed Adoke, negotiated the shocking deal in what industry experts said was reminiscent of the infamous Malabu Oil deal in which the same Mr. Adoke was involved in.

However, in one of President Buhari’s first moves to clean Nigeria’s monumentally corrupt oil industry, the NNPC in a letter to Addax Petroleum endorsed by the president and dated 7th September, 2015, reversed the agreement entered into by the previous administration.

Despite the accusations of bribing Nigerian officials and underpayment of taxes and royalties, Addax Petroleum has continued to ramp up its operations in the country, announcing in December last year about its plans for fresh investment of “between $3 – $5 billion in Nigeria over the coming years.

“Our future in Nigeria remains bright,” Dorothy Atake, General Manager, External & Government Affairs, Addax Petroleum had said.


In its suit before Justice Mojisola Olatoregun of federal high court Lagos, the Nigerian government is seeking for an order directing the NNPC, Ministry of Petroleum/DPR, and NAPIMS from further allocation of crude oil explored from OMLs 123, 124, 126, and 137 to Addax Petroleum pending when the company furnishes the court verifiable Bank Guarantee from Nigerian banks to cover the monetary claims of the plaintiff.

Other prayers sought by the Nigerian government include an order restraining the NNPC, Petroleum Ministry, and NAPIMS from dealing with Addax Petroleum as wells as stopping them from transferring or assigning their interest in the OMLs to another person.

Also, an order compelling the Nigerian agencies to file an affidavit of fact detailing the company’s assets, properties, and funds.

The presiding Judge Mojisola Olatoregun, granted an order for the government’s lawyers to serve court papers to the NNPC, the third respondent in the suit, whose office is situated in Abuja, outside the court’s jurisdiction.


Meanwhile, further hearing of the suit has been adjourned till May 5,2018.

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